U.S. to study greenhouse gas emissions in steel and aluminum industries

Posted By: Jerrod Weaver Government Affairs,

The following is an summary of the publication at: https://www.usitc.gov/press_room/news_release/2023/er0706_64095.htm

Emissions from a factory

In July 2023, the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) launched an investigation, at the request of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), focusing on the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity of domestically produced steel and aluminum.

As part of this initiative, the USITC will conduct a comprehensive survey involving all U.S.-based steel and aluminum manufacturers. This survey aims to gather crucial data regarding the production of these goods and their associated GHG emissions. A draft questionnaire has already been circulated to certain companies, with the final version slated for release in spring 2024. Once received, steel and aluminum producers will be obligated to complete and return the survey and requested information. Aluminum foundries are specifically identified within the information gathering request from the USTR and should expect to receive a copy of the survey early in 2024. A copy of the draft survey is available HERE.

The report, expected by January 28, 2025, will detail GHG emissions intensity estimates for steel and aluminum produced in the United States in 2022. It will break down emissions into Scope 1 (direct emissions), Scope 2 (indirect emissions from purchased energy), and specific Scope 3 emissions linked to material inputs for production.

Methodologies employed to collect and analyze this information will be described thoroughly in the report. The goal is to provide a nuanced understanding of GHG emissions tied to various stages and categories of steel and aluminum production within the country.

The investigation responds to the Office of the USTR's directive, aiming to evaluate emissions intensity across different product categories and production stages. It emphasizes the need for data beyond what's reported through existing programs, intending to estimate both highest and average GHG emissions intensities for these metals. Additionally, the report may extend to subcategory levels, providing a comprehensive insight into emissions across the industry.